1. What is SNAP-SpLD – and why do I
2. What's new in version 3
3. How do I use SNAP-SpLD?
4. The development
and validation of SNAP-SpLD
5. Specific learning difficulties and related
factors profiled by SNAP-SpLD
6. The SNAP-SpLD information/help sheets
7. The diagnostic probes
1. What is
SNAP-SpLD - and why do I need it?
SNAP-SpLD is designed specifically
for use by SENCOs, learning support and specialist teachers in primary
and secondary schools, SEN support services, special schools and
dyslexia/SEN assessment. There is no training requirement.
is user-friendly, structured and systematic: it maps each child's
own mix of problems onto an overall matrix of learning, social and
SNAP-SpLD version 3 gives a computer-aided diagnostic profile across 24
specific learning difficulties and associated factors, including self-esteem.
SNAP-SpLD helps you to identify clusters of problems and the pinpoint core
features of a pupil's difficulties.
SNAP-SpLD also points the way to the most appropriate teaching and/or
SNAP-SpLD will help you to strengthen home and teacher support via
personalised self-help and information sheets.
will help you make more informed use of learning
SNAP-SpLD will help you to monitor progress and evaluate the effectiveness of any intervention.
2. What’s new in SNAP Version 3?
- An enhanced and expanded SNAP profile now gives ‘core’ and ‘expanded’ views of 24 SpLDs and associated factors, including self-esteem (see profile structure).
- You can now superimpose and compare any two previous SNAP3 profiles, enabling you to review a pupil’s progress. Using the Matrix, you can also see at a glance where responses to individual questions have changed – for better or worse – in successive assessments.
- The Pupil Assessment Questionnaire and Information from the Family checklist have been revised and restructured (note: the SNAP3 questionnaires are not compatible with SNAP2).
- The information sheets generated for each SpLD have all been updated and can now be ‘age-linked’ for primary and secondary pupils.
- ‘Don’t know’ questionnaire responses are now excluded from the analysis, yielding a more accurate SNAP profile, with a new ‘confidence indicator’ to alert you to a high proportion of ‘don’t know’ or omitted responses.
Note for SNAP Version 2 users: Version 3 will not alter or remove Version 2 data already stored on the same computer. On first loading, it will detect these data files and allow you to import pupil details directly into the database for SNAP Version 3; your existing SNAP2 assessment data and profiles will remain accessible through a ‘View SNAP2 data’ facility.
do I use SNAP-SpLD?
SNAP-SpLD involves four
clear steps, using the CD-ROM
in conjunction with the
User’s Handbook and Pupil
Assessment Pack, available separately:
Step 1 (Pupil
Assessment Pack): structured questionnaire checklists for completion
by class teachers and parents give an initial 'outline map' of the
pupil's difficulties. A separate 'What I feel' questionnaire provides
an optional assessment of the pupil's self-esteem.
Step 2 (CD-ROM):
the core part of the package: parent and teacher responses are collated
onto the CD-ROM, pinpointing any follow-up assessments needed at
Step 3 (User’s
Handbook): focused assessments from a photocopiable resource bank of
quick diagnostic ‘probes’ yield a detailed and textured
understanding of the pupil's difficulties.
Step 4 (CD-ROM):
the computer-generated profile yields specific guidance on support
(including personalised information sheets for parents) and practical
Administering SNAP-SpLD. Download
pdf file (61kb)
Interpreting and using the results. Download
pdf file (46kb)
The development and validation of SNAP-SpLD
SNAP-SpLD is a product
of the authors’ own long experience of working with pupils
having a wide range of specific learning difficulties, in a variety
of settings and contexts. It was driven by the perceived need for
something which would help to make sense of the amorphous mix of
problems which such pupils often present – and was encouraged
by fellow practitioners who perceived the same need.
Version 3 is the outcome of an ongoing development and validation programme
which has drawn heavily on classroom trialling, practitioner support,
and user-feedback on.
The specific learning difficulties and related factors profiled
SNAP-SpLD version 3 profiles 24 specific
learning difficulties and related factors: see profile structure. The definitions and checklists of presenting characteristics
used in Version 3 are given in the .
Attention deficit disorder
Auditory processing difficulties
Auditory working memory difficulties
Essential fatty acid deficiency
Expressive/receptive language difficulties
Hyperlexia/Specific comprehension deficit
Involuntary speech/motor difficulties
Movement, balance, coordination and planning difficulties
Processing speed difficulties
Sensory integration and sensory sensitivity difficulties
Social awareness and communicative difficulties
Visual tracking and ocular control difficulties
Visual working memory difficulties
The SNAP-SpLD information/helpsheets
Click to view some examples of the personalised
information/helpsheets generated for ADD,Social Awareness and Communicative Difficulties and Educational
Self-esteem. These are Microsoft Word documents which you can
edit, merge, etc, as you wish.
The Diagnostic Probes
Fifteen diagnostic probes were developed
as part of the SNAP-SpLD package, and are included both in the SNAP-SpLD
User’s Handbook and as pdfs on the CD-ROM – note that they are not intended for use
as ‘stand-alone’ diagnostic tools.
Click on each probe below to access the initial standardisation
data, presented as a scattergram superimposed on the interpretation
graph for each probe. (A new window in your screen will appear with
the image on. Simply close this window when you are finished. NB
these are not available for probes 12 and 15.)
about the development of the probes. Download
word document (28kb)
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